NHKラジオ 実践ビジネス英語で英語をマスターしよう!
2008-03-06
  NHKラジオ ビジネス英会話 Giving While Living (2) 3/5-6 2008
ビジネス・ブレークスルー大学院大学が未来のグローバル
リーダーのためにつくった、どこよりも実践的なビジネス
英語が学べる講座 『Practical English for Global Leaders』

http://www.ohmae.ac.jp/ex/english/index.html


ビジネスブレークスルーが送るEラーニングによる英語講座です。

月額換算12,500円はリーズナブルかも。



「贈与分をあらかじめうまく取り分けておいて」のくだりは
税金対策なのでしょうか? よくわかりません。

億万長者が慈善事業団体を設立するという話はビルゲイツがまさに
そうですね。






■意味を考えてみよう。今日取り上げる単語が含まれています。

Was she laughing up her sleeve as she watched jaws drop?

It may seem ironic that the people who receive the most
money are already well off and don't need to pay off
heavy debts.

Quite a few billionaires create charitable institutions
that give them total control over how the money is dished out.

Many high-ranking execs are setting aside their penchants
to get ahead in business.

■今日注目する表現はこれ! 答えは以下で

laugh up one's sleeve
jaw drop
well off
dish out
penchant
charitable institution
famine relief
poverty-stricken
standstill
rally support
nous





──────────────────────────────
laugh up one's sleeve, ほくそ笑む
──────────────────────────────
If you say that someone is laughing up their sleeve, you
mean that they are secretly amused by something, for example
because someone else has done something badly or because
they know something that nobody else knows. This expression
is usually used to show disapproval.

ex) He never left England. He's holed up somewhere in the
countryside, laughing up his bloody sleeve.

NOTE: The image here is of someone trying to hide the fact
that they are laughing by putting their hand or arm
in front of their mouth.

──────────────────────────────
jaw drop, びっくりする
──────────────────────────────
Your jaw is the lower part of your face below your mouth.
The movement of your jaw is sometimes considered to
express a particular emotion. For example, if your jaw
drops, you are very surprised.

ex) Meg's jaw dropped in amazement.

──────────────────────────────
well off, 裕福で、恵まれて
──────────────────────────────
Someone who is well-off is rich enough to be able to do
and buy most of the things that they want. [INFORMAL]

ex) My grand parents were quite well off.

──────────────────────────────
dish out, …を与える
──────────────────────────────
If you dish out something, you give an amount of it to
each person in a group. [INFORMAL]

ex) dishing out presents in the Christmas bazaar.

──────────────────────────────
penchant, 趣味、強い好み
──────────────────────────────
If someone has a penchant for something, they have a
special liking for it or a tendency to do it. [FORMAL]

ex) He had a penchant for playing jokes on people.

──────────────────────────────
その他にも、次も押さえておきたい。[誌面の都合上省略] ★は重要表現
──────────────────────────────
charitable institution, 慈善(事業)団体
famine relief, 飢餓救済
poverty-stricken, 極貧の、貧困に苦しんでいる = poor
standstill, 行き詰まり
rally support, 支援を集める
nous, [Vocabulary Buildingの例文より] 知性、常識 発音はヌース

■もう一度読んでみよう

Was she laughing up her sleeve as she watched jaws drop?

It may seem ironic that the people who receive the most
money are already well off and don't need to pay off
heavy debts.

Quite a few billionaires create charitable institutions
that give them total control over how the money is dished out.

Many high-ranking execs are setting aside their penchants
to get ahead in business.


■(新)英作文こーなー

第二回です。
継続できるかどうかは神のみぞ知る。。

今日出てきた単語を使って文章を作ってみましょう。
きっと記憶に残りますよ。


今日出てきた単語はこれ。

laugh up one's sleeve, ほくそ笑む
jaw drop, びっくりする
well off, 裕福で、恵まれて
dish out, …を与える
penchant, 趣味、強い好み
charitable institution, 慈善(事業)団体
famine relief, 飢餓救済
poverty-stricken, 極貧の、貧困に苦しんでいる = poor
standstill, 行き詰まり
rally support, 支援を集める
nous, [Vocabulary Buildingの例文より] 知性、常識 発音はヌース



では、、


She {dishes out} fortune to {charitable institutes}.
One of the reasons to this is because her family is
quite {well off}. She sometimes {rallies support}
for {famine relief}. My jaw dropped when I heard
she goes to {poverty-stricken} countries to help people.
She must have a {penchant} for helping people.
I imagine she has the {nous} not to {laugh up her sleeve}
to others.


(注意)英文には責任を持てません。

作文をすると単語の使われ方を辞書で調べるので勉強になりますよ。

皆さんも独自の文章を作ってみましょう。

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